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68<li><a class="reference external" href="#">Primer: Ext</a><ul>
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90  <div class="section" id="primer-ext">
91<span id="ext-primer"></span><h1>Primer: Ext<a class="headerlink" href="#primer-ext" title="Permalink to this headline">¶</a></h1>
92<p>GeoExt extends <a class="reference external" href="http://www.sencha.com/products/js/">Ext JS</a>, a rich library of web UI
93widgets and helper classes.  Using GeoExt requires a working knowledge
94of Ext&#8217;s idioms.  This tutorial provides a quick overview of core Ext concepts.</p>
95<div class="section" id="getting-started">
96<span id="ext-getting-started"></span><h2>Getting Started<a class="headerlink" href="#getting-started" title="Permalink to this headline">¶</a></h2>
97<p>To start using Ext, you will first have to <a class="reference external" href="http://www.sencha.com/products/js/download.php">download</a> it.
98For more complete instructions about how configure a web page to use
99Ext, you can check the <a class="reference external" href="../tutorials/quickstart.html"><em>GeoExt QuickStart</em></a> tutorial.</p>
100<p>When you download Ext, you also get their excellent
101<a class="reference external" href="http://dev.sencha.com/deploy/dev/examples/">Examples</a> and
102<a class="reference external" href="http://dev.sencha.com/deploy/dev/docs/">API Documentation</a>, which you can also
103look at on-line for education and reference.</p>
104<p>In order to get Ext running on a page you will need to have something
105like the following in the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&lt;head&gt;</span></tt> of an HTML page in a directory
106that is published by your web server.</p>
107<div class="highlight-html"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nt">&lt;script </span><span class="na">src=</span><span class="s">&quot;ext-3.2.1/adapter/ext/ext-base.js&quot;</span> <span class="na">type=</span><span class="s">&quot;text/javascript&quot;</span><span class="nt">&gt;&lt;/script&gt;</span>
108<span class="nt">&lt;script </span><span class="na">src=</span><span class="s">&quot;ext-3.2.1/ext-all.js&quot;</span>  <span class="na">type=</span><span class="s">&quot;text/javascript&quot;</span><span class="nt">&gt;&lt;/script&gt;</span>
109<span class="nt">&lt;link</span> <span class="na">rel=</span><span class="s">&quot;stylesheet&quot;</span> <span class="na">type=</span><span class="s">&quot;text/css&quot;</span> <span class="na">href=</span><span class="s">&quot;ext-3.2.1/resources/css/ext-all.css&quot;</span><span class="nt">&gt;&lt;/link&gt;</span>
110</pre></div>
111</div>
112<p>This will load the code and styles for Ext.  Change the paths
113according to where you have put the Ext files.</p>
114<p>When writing Ext code, most of what you will be doing is instantiating
115classes with constructors that takes a single object&#8211;its
116configuration object&#8211;as an argument.  This snippet demonstrates this
117coding pattern:</p>
118<div class="highlight-javascript"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nx">Ext</span><span class="p">.</span><span class="nx">onReady</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="kd">function</span><span class="p">(){</span>
119    <span class="kd">var</span> <span class="nx">myPanel</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="k">new</span> <span class="nx">Ext</span><span class="p">.</span><span class="nx">Panel</span><span class="p">({</span>
120        <span class="nx">title</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Hello World!&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
121        <span class="nx">html</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="s1">&#39;&lt;i&gt;Hello World!&lt;/i&gt; Please enjoy this primer on Ext!&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
122        <span class="nx">collapsible</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="kc">true</span><span class="p">,</span>
123        <span class="nx">width</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="mi">300</span><span class="p">,</span>
124        <span class="nx">renderTo</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="s1">&#39;panelDiv&#39;</span>
125    <span class="p">});</span>
126<span class="p">});</span>
127</pre></div>
128</div>
129<p>There are a few things to note about this example:</p>
130<ul class="simple">
131<li>This code uses Ext&#8217;s <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">onReady</span></tt> method to trigger the method when the
132document&#8217;s body is ready. (This is cleaner than using body&#8217;s <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">onready</span></tt>
133event, and with <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Ext.onReady</span></tt> several functions can be queued for execution
134before the page loads.)</li>
135<li>When the page is ready, the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Ext.Panel</span></tt> constructor is called with a
136single configuration object as argument.  The Panel&#8217;s structure should
137be familiar from your desktop experience.  It has a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">title</span></tt> which
138runs across the top, and some content which in this case is <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">html</span></tt>
139provided in the configuration.</li>
140<li>Many configuration options (best explored in the Ext examples and API
141documention) are available.  Here, they are represented by the
142<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">collapsible</span></tt> property, which allows the user to collapse the panel
143much like you can minimize your browser&#8217;s window, and the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">width</span></tt> of
144the panel specified in pixels.</li>
145<li>Lastly, this code assumes that somewhere in the DOM of the page is a
146<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">div</span></tt> with the id <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">panelDiv</span></tt>.  When the Panel is constructed, it
147will be automatically rendered in this div because of the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">renderTo</span></tt>
148option. (This option can be left out and panels rendered manually, if
149desired.)</li>
150</ul>
151</div>
152<div class="section" id="basic-layout">
153<span id="ext-basic-layout"></span><h2>Basic Layout<a class="headerlink" href="#basic-layout" title="Permalink to this headline">¶</a></h2>
154<p>Ext makes it easy to separate out your UI into logical blocks.
155Most often you will be using one or more nested <em>Containers</em>.  The
156<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Ext.Panel</span></tt> built above is the most common kind of container.  You
157can nest panels using the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">items</span></tt> property.  For example:</p>
158<div class="highlight-javascript"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nx">Ext</span><span class="p">.</span><span class="nx">onReady</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="kd">function</span><span class="p">(){</span>
159    <span class="kd">var</span> <span class="nx">myPanel</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="k">new</span> <span class="nx">Ext</span><span class="p">.</span><span class="nx">Panel</span><span class="p">({</span>
160        <span class="nx">title</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Top level&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
161        <span class="nx">layout</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="s1">&#39;border&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
162        <span class="nx">items</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="p">[{</span>
163            <span class="nx">xtype</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="s1">&#39;panel&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
164            <span class="nx">title</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="s1">&#39;Sub1&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
165            <span class="nx">html</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="s1">&#39;Contents of sub panel 1&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
166            <span class="nx">region</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="s1">&#39;east&#39;</span>
167        <span class="p">},{</span>
168            <span class="nx">xtype</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="s1">&#39;panel&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
169            <span class="nx">title</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Sub2&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
170            <span class="nx">html</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="s1">&#39;Contents of sub panel 2&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
171            <span class="nx">region</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="s1">&#39;center&#39;</span>
172        <span class="p">}],</span>
173        <span class="nx">width</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="mi">300</span><span class="p">,</span>
174        <span class="nx">height</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="mi">200</span><span class="p">,</span>
175        <span class="nx">renderTo</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="s1">&#39;panelDiv&#39;</span>
176    <span class="p">});</span>
177<span class="p">});</span>
178</pre></div>
179</div>
180<p>This code introduces some new concepts:</p>
181<ul class="simple">
182<li>Each of the objects in the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">items</span></tt> array is a configuration
183object for a panel like the one in the earlier example.</li>
184<li>The <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Ext.Panel</span></tt> constructor is never called, however.  Instead,
185the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">xtype</span></tt> option is used.  By setting the xtype, you tell Ext
186what class the configuration is for, and Ext instantiates that class
187when appropriate.</li>
188<li>The <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">layout</span></tt> property on the outer container determines the
189position of the items within it.  Here, we have set the layout to be
190a <em>border</em> layout, which requires that items be given a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">region</span></tt>
191property like &#8220;center&#8221;, &#8220;north&#8221;, &#8220;south&#8221;, &#8220;east&#8221;, or &#8220;west&#8221;.</li>
192</ul>
193<p>Ext provides a variety of other layouts, including a Tab layout and a
194Wizard layout.  The best way to explore these layouts is using the <a class="reference external" href="http://dev.sencha.com/deploy/dev/examples/layout-browser/layout-browser.html">Ext
195Layout Browser</a>
196, which demonstrates each layout and provides sample code.</p>
197</div>
198</div>
199
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