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Bienvenue sur PostGIS.fr , le site de la communauté des utilisateurs francophones de PostGIS.

PostGIS ajoute le support d'objets géographique à la base de données PostgreSQL. En effet, PostGIS "spatialise" le serverur PostgreSQL, ce qui permet de l'utiliser comme une base de données SIG.

Maintenu à jour, en fonction de nos disponibilités et des diverses sorties des outils que nous testons, nous vous proposons l'ensemble de nos travaux publiés en langue française.

Changes between Version 1 and Version 2 of TracInstall


Ignore:
Timestamp:
21/09/2011 11:27:42 (6 years ago)
Author:
trac
Comment:

--

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  • TracInstall

    v1 v2  
    1 {{{ 
    2 #!div style="margin-top: .5em; padding: 0 1em; background-color: #ffd; border:1px outset #ddc;" 
    3  
    4   '''NOTE: this page is for 0.12dev (trunk), the version currently in development. For installing previous Trac versions, please refer to [[0.11/TracInstall]]''' 
    5 }}} 
    6 = Trac Installation Guide for 0.12dev =  
     1= Trac Installation Guide for 0.12 =  
    72[[TracGuideToc]] 
    83 
    94Trac is written in the Python programming language and needs a database, [http://sqlite.org/ SQLite], [http://www.postgresql.org/ PostgreSQL], or [http://mysql.com/ MySQL]. For HTML rendering, Trac uses the [http://genshi.edgewall.org Genshi] templating system. 
    105 
    11 Since version 0.12, Trac can also be localized, and there's probably a translation available for your language. If you want to be able to use the Trac interface in other languages, then make sure you have installed the optional package [#OtherPythonPackages Babel]. Pay attention to the extra steps for localization support in the [#InstallingTrac Installing Trac] section below. Lacking Babel, you will only get the default english version, as usual. 
    12  
    13 If you're interested in contributing new translations for other languages or enhance the existing translations, then please have a look at ["TracL10N"]. 
     6Since version 0.12, Trac can also be localized, and there's probably a translation available for your language. If you want to be able to use the Trac interface in other languages, then make sure you **first** have installed the optional package [#OtherPythonPackages Babel]. Lacking Babel, you will only get the default english version, as usual. If you install Babel later on, you will need to re-install Trac. 
     7 
     8If you're interested in contributing new translations for other languages or enhance the existing translations, then please have a look at [trac:wiki:TracL10N TracL10N]. 
    149 
    1510What follows are generic instructions for installing and setting up Trac and its requirements. While you may find instructions for installing Trac on specific systems at TracInstallPlatforms on the main Trac site, please be sure to '''first read through these general instructions''' to get a good understanding of the tasks involved. 
     
    3429 
    3530If you're using Python 2.4 and need pysqlite, you can download from  
    36 [http://code.google.com/p/pysqlite/downloads/list google code] the Windows 
    37 installers or the tar.gz archive for building from source:  
     31[http://code.google.com/p/pysqlite/downloads/list google code] the Windows installers or the tar.gz archive for building from source:  
    3832{{{ 
    3933$ tar xvfz <version>.tar.gz  
     
    4438This will extract the SQLite code and build the bindings.  
    4539 
    46 SQLite 2.x is no longer supported. For SQLite 3.x, the pysqlite 1.1.x 
    47 bindings are also no longer supported, use pysqlite 2.x. 
    48  
    49 See additional information in [trac:PySqlite PySqlite]. 
     40To install SQLite, your system may require the development headers. Without these you will get various GCC related errors when attempting to build: 
     41 
     42{{{ 
     43$ apt-get install libsqlite3-dev 
     44}}} 
     45 
     46SQLite 2.x is no longer supported, and neither is !PySqlite 1.1.x. 
     47 
     48A known bug !PySqlite versions 2.5.2-4 prohibits upgrade of trac databases 
     49from 0.11.x to 0.12. Please use versions 2.5.5 and newer or 2.5.1 and 
     50older. See [trac:#9434] for more detail. 
     51 
     52See additional information in [trac:PySqlite]. 
    5053 
    5154==== For the PostgreSQL database #ForPostgreSQL 
    5255 
    5356You need to install the database and its Python bindings: 
    54  * [http://www.postgresql.org/ PostgreSQL] 
     57 * [http://www.postgresql.org/ PostgreSQL], version 8.0 or later 
    5558 * [http://pypi.python.org/pypi/psycopg2 psycopg2] 
    5659 
     
    6568 * [http://sf.net/projects/mysql-python MySQLdb], version 1.2.2 or later 
    6669 
    67 It is '''very''' important to read carefully the  [trac:MySqlDb MySqlDb] page before creating the database. 
     70It is '''very''' important to read carefully the  [trac:MySqlDb] page before creating the database. 
    6871 
    6972=== Optional Dependencies 
     
    7275 
    7376===== Subversion ===== 
    74  * [http://subversion.apache.org/ Subversion], 1.5.x or 1.6.x and the '''''corresponding''''' Python bindings. Older versions starting from 1.0, like 1.2.4, 1.3.2 or 1.4.2, etc. should still work. For troubleshooting information, check the [trac:TracSubversion#Troubleshooting TracSubversion] page. 
    75  
    76 There are [http://subversion.apache.org/packages.html pre-compiled SWIG bindings] available for various platforms. Note that Trac '''doesn't''' use [http://pysvn.tigris.org/ PySVN], neither does it work yet with the newer `ctype`-style bindings 
     77 * [http://subversion.apache.org/ Subversion], 1.5.x or 1.6.x and the '''''corresponding''''' Python bindings. Older versions starting from 1.4.0, etc. should still work. For troubleshooting information, check the [trac:TracSubversion#Troubleshooting TracSubversion] page. Versions prior to 1.4.0 won't probably work since trac uses svn core functionality (e.g. svn_path_canonicalize) that is not implemented in the python swig wrapper in svn <= 1.3.x (although it exists in the svn lib itself). 
     78 
     79There are [http://subversion.apache.org/packages.html pre-compiled SWIG bindings] available for various platforms. (Good luck finding precompiled SWIG bindings for any Windows package at that listing. TracSubversion points you to [http://alagazam.net Algazam], which works for me under Python 2.6.) 
     80 
     81Note that Trac '''doesn't''' use [http://pysvn.tigris.org/ PySVN], neither does it work yet with the newer `ctype`-style bindings. [Is there a ticket for implementing ctype bindings?] 
    7782 
    7883 
     
    8287===== Others ===== 
    8388 
    84 Support for other version control systems is provided via third-parties. See [trac:PluginList PluginList] and [trac:VersioningSystemBackend VersioningSystemBackend]. 
     89Support for other version control systems is provided via third-parties. See [trac:PluginList] and [trac:VersioningSystemBackend]. 
    8590 
    8691==== Web Server ==== 
     
    9196   - [http://code.google.com/p/modwsgi/ mod_wsgi], see [wiki:TracModWSGI] and  
    9297     http://code.google.com/p/modwsgi/wiki/IntegrationWithTrac 
    93    - [http://modpython.org/ mod_python 3.3.1], see TracModPython) 
     98   - [http://modpython.org/ mod_python 3.3.1], deprecated: see TracModPython) 
    9499 * a [http://www.fastcgi.com/ FastCGI]-capable web server (see TracFastCgi) 
    95100 * an [http://tomcat.apache.org/connectors-doc/ajp/ajpv13a.html AJP]-capable web 
    96    server (see [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp TracOnWindowsIisAjp]) 
    97  * A CGI-capable web server (see TracCgi), '''but usage of Trac as a cgi script  
    98    is highly discouraged''', better use one of the following options,  
     101   server (see [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp]) 
     102 * a CGI-capable web server (see TracCgi), '''but usage of Trac as a cgi script  
     103   is highly discouraged''', better use one of the previous options.  
    99104    
    100105 
     
    102107 
    103108 * [http://babel.edgewall.org Babel], version >= 0.9.5,  
    104    needed for localization support 
     109   needed for localization support[[BR]] 
     110   ''Note: '' If you want to be able to use the Trac interface in other languages, then make sure you first have installed the optional package Babel. Lacking Babel, you will only get the default english version, as usual. If you install Babel later on, you will need to re-install Trac.  
    105111 * [http://docutils.sourceforge.net/ docutils], version >= 0.3.9  
    106112   for WikiRestructuredText. 
     
    114120   an internal time zone implementation. 
    115121 
    116 '''Attention''': The various available versions of these dependencies are not necessarily interchangable, so please pay attention to the version numbers above. If you are having trouble getting Trac to work please double-check all the dependencies before asking for help on the [trac:MailingList MailingList] or [trac:IrcChannel IrcChannel]. 
     122'''Attention''': The various available versions of these dependencies are not necessarily interchangable, so please pay attention to the version numbers above. If you are having trouble getting Trac to work please double-check all the dependencies before asking for help on the [trac:MailingList] or [trac:IrcChannel]. 
    117123 
    118124Please refer to the documentation of these packages to find out how they are best installed. In addition, most of the [trac:TracInstallPlatforms platform-specific instructions] also describe the installation of the dependencies. Keep in mind however that the information there ''probably concern older versions of Trac than the one you're installing'' (there are even some pages that are still talking about Trac 0.8!). 
     
    121127== Installing Trac == 
    122128=== Using `easy_install` 
    123 One way to install Trac is using `setuptools`. 
     129One way to install Trac is using [http://pypi.python.org/pypi/setuptools setuptools]. 
    124130With setuptools you can install Trac from the subversion repository;  
    125131 
    126132A few examples: 
    127133 
    128  - install Trac 0.12 beta1:: 
     134 - first install of the latest stable version Trac 0.12.1, with i18n support: 
    129135   {{{ 
    130    easy_install Trac==0.12b1 
     136   easy_install Babel==0.9.5 Genshi==0.6 
     137   easy_install Trac 
    131138   }}} 
    132  
    133  - install latest development version 0.12dev 
     139   ''It's very important to run the two `easy_install` commands separately, otherwise the message catalogs won't be generated.'' 
     140 
     141 - upgrade to the latest stable version of Trac: 
    134142   {{{ 
    135    easy_install Trac==dev 
     143   easy_install -U Trac 
    136144   }}} 
    137    Note that in this case you won't have the possibility to run a localized version of Trac; 
    138    either use a released version or install from source  
     145 
     146 - upgrade to the latest trunk development version (0.13dev): 
     147   {{{ 
     148   easy_install -U Trac==dev 
     149   }}} 
     150 
     151For upgrades, reading the TracUpgrade page is mandatory, of course. 
    139152 
    140153=== From source 
    141 Of course, using the python-typical setup at the top of the source directory also works. 
    142  
    143 You can obtain the source for a .tar.gz or .zip file corresponding to a release (e.g. Trac-0.12b1.tar.gz), or you can get the source directly from the repository (see Trac:SubversionRepository for details). 
    144  
     154If you want more control, you can download the source in archive form, or do a checkout from one of the official [[Trac:TracRepositories|source code repositories]]. 
     155 
     156Be sure to have the prerequisites already installed. You can also obtain the Genshi and Babel source packages from http://www.edgewall.org and follow for them a similar installation procedure, or you can just easy_install those, see [#Usingeasy_install above]. 
     157 
     158Once you've unpacked the Trac archive or performed the checkout, move in the top-level folder and do: 
    145159{{{ 
    146160$ python ./setup.py install 
     
    154168The script will also install the [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin] command-line tool, used to create and maintain [wiki:TracEnvironment project environments], as well as the [wiki:TracStandalone tracd] standalone server. 
    155169 
    156 If you install from source and want to make Trac available in other languages, make sure you have installed Babel and then run this additional step before doing the `install` (or simply redo the `install` afterwards): 
    157 {{{ 
    158 $ python ./setup.py compile_catalog -f 
    159 }}} 
    160 (the `-f` flag is needed as long as some translations are marked ''fuzzy'', i.e. incomplete, which will most probably be the case during the whole development period, as  strings are continuously added or modified) 
    161  
     170If you install from source and want to make Trac available in other languages, make sure  Babel is installed. Only then, perform the `install` (or simply redo the `install` once again afterwards if you realize Babel was not yet installed): 
     171{{{ 
     172$ python ./setup.py install 
     173}}} 
     174Alternatively, you can do a `bdist_egg` and copy the .egg from dist/ to the place of your choice, or you can create a Windows installer (`bdist_wininst`). 
    162175 
    163176=== Advanced Options === 
     
    181194 
    182195The above will place your `tracd` and `trac-admin` commands into `/usr/local/bin` and will install the Trac libraries and dependencies into `/Library/Python/2.5/site-packages`, which is Apple's preferred location for third-party Python application installations. 
     196 
     197=== Using `pip` 
     198'pip' is an easy_install replacement that is very useful to quickly install python packages. 
     199To get a trac installation up and running in less than 5 minutes: 
     200 
     201Assuming you want to have your entire pip installation in /opt/user/trac: 
     202 
     203 -  
     204{{{ 
     205pip -E /opt/user/trac install trac psycopg2  
     206}}} 
     207or 
     208 -  
     209{{{ 
     210pip -E /opt/user/trac install trac mysql-python  
     211}}} 
     212 
     213Make sure your OS specific headers are available for pip to automatically build PostgreSQL (libpq-dev) or MySQL (libmysqlclient-dev) bindings. 
     214 
     215pip will automatically resolve all dependencies (like Genshi, pygments, etc.) and download the latest packages on pypi.python.org and create a self contained installation in /opt/user/trac . 
     216 
     217All commands (tracd, trac-admin) are available in /opt/user/trac/bin. This can also be leveraged for mod_python (using !PythonHandler directive) and mod_wsgi (using WSGIDaemonProcess directive) 
     218 
     219Additionally, you can install several trac plugins (listed [http://pypi.python.org/pypi?:action=search&term=trac&submit=search here]) through pip. 
     220 
    183221 
    184222 
     
    205243# chown -R apache.apache /path/to/myproject 
    206244}}} 
     245 
     246{{{#!div class=important 
     247'''Warning:''' Please only use ASCII-characters for account name and project path, unicode characters are not supported there. 
     248}}} 
     249 
    207250 
    208251== Running the Standalone Server ==